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Introduction to EITI
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global effort to increase transparency and accountability in natural resources revenue management. The EITI standard requires oil, gas, and mining companies to publish what they pay and the government to publish what they receive. The goal is to ensure that the numbers match and that citizens get every cent they deserve for natural resources extracted from public lands.
The United States is one of more than 30 countries committed to the EITI standard. The Project On Government Oversight's own Danielle Brian sits on a committee with representatives from government, industry, and civil society, which are helping guide the U.S. towards greater transparency.
The U.S. Effort to Increase Transparency in the Oil, Gas and Mining Industries
By Jana Persky and Avery Kleinman
The view from Claire Ware’s home on the Wind River Indian Reservation is a stunning landscape of high mountains, broad plains and bright, lingering sunsets—a daily reminder of her Wyoming community’s spiritual, nature-based roots.
The land, home of the Shoshone and Arapaho tribes for generations, also boasts something much more interesting to outside companies than cultural history—a vast spread of lucrative oil and gas fields. Those resources funnel a constant stream of revenue into local counties but according to Ware, director of the Shoshone & Arapaho Tribes Minerals Compliance, people living on the reservation see precious few of those dollars. Whereas nearby districts enjoy up-to-date facilities, the reservation can’t afford improvements to their schools, recreational programs and emergency services.
Ware says school districts have been “gerrymandered” to divert resource revenue away from the Native Americans who actually own the resources.
“There are hardly any Indian kids in those schools, but yet they’re taxing our production happening on our reservation,” Ware said. “So those [state] tax dollars never come back to the tribe or to service the programs that should be on the reservation."
The money involved in this corner of Wyoming is just a small portion of the trillion of dollars generated worldwide by the industries that extract natural resources through mining or drilling. Across the globe, the payments and paths of money related to extractive industries often go undisclosed, leaving local communities, such as Ware’s, to wonder where their revenues went.
Into the void steps the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), an international standard focusing on providing transparency and accountability in the governance of natural resources.
Map of EITI Countries
Put your mouse over countries to see their EITI status, industries covered, number of companies reporting, and revenues reported by companies and the government. Hold shift and drag with your mouse to move around the map. Double click to zoom.
EITI Candidate Country - Implementing EITI, not yet meeting all requirements
EITI Compliant Country - Meeting all requirements in the EITI standard
Intend to implement EITI - Announced intent to implement the EITI. When the international EITI Board has accepted a country's application, the country will be recognised as EITI Candidate.
Lost EITI status - Lost status as EITI implementing countries following EITI Board review in accordance with the EITI Rules. These countries may at any time re-apply for EITI Candidate status.
Suspended - Compliant/Candidate status is temporarily suspended
EITI Blog Posts
December 19, 2013
By Mia Steinle
The U.S. candidacy application to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative has been submitted, which means the public is one step closer to understanding how the extractive industries impact their communities, the environment, and the economy.
Topics: Energy and Natural Resources
December 4, 2013
In this podcast, POGO’s Mia Steinle talks about POGO's involvement in EITI and the hurdles the initiative faces in its goal of increased royalty transparency for oil, gas and hard rock minerals.
Topics: Energy and Natural Resources
November 1, 2013
Statement of Danielle Brian, Executive Director, Project On Government Oversight On Thursday, the White House released a preview of its second National Action Plan for the international Open Government Partnership, whose mission is to increase openness
Topics: Open Government