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Policy Letter

Congress: Protect FOIA from the Pentagon

August 24, 2016

The Honorable John McCain


Senate Committee on Armed Services

228 Russell Senate Office Building

Washington, DC 20510

The Honorable Jack Reed

Ranking Member

Senate Committee on Armed Services

228 Russell Senate Office Building

Washington, DC 20510

The Honorable Mac Thornberry


House Committee on Armed Services

2120 Rayburn House Office Building

Washington, DC 20515

The Honorable Adam Smith

Ranking Member

House Committee on Armed Services

2120 Rayburn House Office Building

Washington, DC 20515

Dear Chairmen and Ranking Members:

As you begin to reconcile the differences between the House and Senate versions of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (NDAA, H.R. 4909 and S. 2943), the undersigned organizations, concerned with openness and accountability, urge you to remove Section 1054 of S. 2943: “Exemption of Information on Military Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures.” This broad exemption to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) for the entire Department of Defense (DoD) would severely undermine the FOIA reforms just passed into law by this Congress and create an unnecessary secrecy provision at odds with FOIA’s goal of transparency for public accountability for the operations of the Department of Defense.

Last year Congress appropriately rejected a proposal to curtail FOIA through the NDAA. The proposed exemption included in Section 1054 would exempt “information on military tactics, techniques, and procedures,” from FOIA.[1] According to the Department, the expanded exemption is needed to address concerns about giving potential adversaries advance knowledge of this information. However, Exemption 1, which shields “properly classified” national defense information from disclosure, and a host of other statutory FOIA exemptions,[2] already addresses these concerns and more than adequately protects such information.

Furthermore, the DoD’s proposed language concerning the impact of release on operations is so broad that it could allow DoD to withhold almost any unclassified document at all related to Defense Department operations and could be used to justify concealing just about any material DoD creates. For example, DoD officials could potentially abuse their discretion to withhold information about the military’s handling of sexual assault complaints, its oversight of contractors, its drone program, and other matters of compelling public interest. The proposed language is unnecessary and clearly goes against FOIA’s originally intended purpose.

Any amendment to FOIA, especially amendments of this scope, should be referred to Committees with jurisdiction over FOIA-related issues, in this instance, the Senate Judiciary Committee or the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. FOIA-related legislation needs the careful consideration of those Committees, including public hearings; such care is necessary to ensure that any changes preserve agencies’ capability to withhold information which truly requires protection while preserving and promoting transparency and public accountability. That same care was afforded to the bipartisan FOIA Improvement Act of 2015, which was signed into law just last month. Granting DoD’s request from March 2015 ignores the new reforms to FOIA and allows DoD to excuse itself from the hard fought and necessary reforms passed just a few months ago by this Congress.

If you have any questions or would like to discuss this issue further, please contact Liz Hempowicz, Policy Counsel with the Project On Government Oversight at 202-347-1122 or [email protected].


American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee

American Civil Liberties Union

American Library Association

Americans for Tax Reform

American Society of Journalists and Authors

American Society of News Editors

Amnesty International USA

Appeal for Justice

Association of Alternative Newsmedia

Bill of Rights Defense Committee/Defending Dissent Foundation

Campaign for Accountability

Center for Constitutional Rights

Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington

Constitutional Alliance

David A. Schulz, Co-Director, Media Freedom & Information Access Clinic, Abrams Institute for Freedom of Expression, Yale Law School*

Demand Progress

Downsize D.C.

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Government Accountability Project

Human Rights Watch

Knowledge Ecology International

Liberty Coalition

Mark Tapscott, Executive Editor, Daily Caller News Foundation*

National Freedom of Information Coalition

National Press Club

National Religious Campaign Against Torture

National Security Archive

National Security Counselors

National Taxpayers Union

No More Guantanamos

Project On Government Oversight

Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press

Society of American Archivists

Sunlight Foundation

Taxpayers for Common Sense

Taxpayers Protection Alliance

Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse

Washington Coalition for Open Government

cc: Members, House and Senate Armed Services Committee

* Title for identification purposes only

[1]See Steve Aftergood, Federation of American Scientists, DoD Again Seeks FOIA Exemption for Military Doctrine, March 5, 2016,

[2] Department of Defense Open Government, DoD (b)(3) Statutes Updated, (Downloaded June 20, 2016)